Valar morghulis translates to "all men must die" in High Valyrian. It is a customary saying in Essos that is traditionally answered with "valar dohaeris," meaning "all men must serve."
A Clash of Kings
Jaqen H'ghar teaches Arya Stark these words when he departs and gives her a small coin. Although he does not explain the meaning to her (nor does anybody else) she begins to use the words in her prayer of people she wants dead.
Just before fleeing Harrenhal with Gendry and Hot Pie, Arya slits the throat of the guard at the postern gate; she whispers valar morghulis as he dies.
A Storm of Swords
Arya says the words to Ternesio Terys, the captain of the Titan's Daughter. He replies with valar dohaeris and offers her passage to Braavos.
A Feast for Crows
In Braavos Arya goes to the temple of the Many-Faced God. Its closed doors open when she says the words.
There were stone cups along the rim of the pool. Arya filled one and brought it to him, so he could drink. The young man stared at her for a long moment when she offered it to him. “Valar morghulis,” he said. “Valar dohaeris,” she replied.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 66, Tyrion IX.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 22, Arya II.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 64, The Ugly Little Girl.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 47, Arya IX.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 64, Arya X.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 3, Arya I.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 17, Arya III.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 39, Arya VII.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 47, Arya IX.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 74, Arya XIII.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 3, Cersei I.